When you are changing lighting setups or camera settings you are not able to pay attention to expressions. Trying to give a lot of variety with lighting setups may not be the best approach.
KISS – Keep It Simple Stupid
It takes a lot more skill to get great face expressions than it takes to change a lighting setup. You have to build trust with the person. You have to have a connection with them so that together you can capture the true essence of the subject.
I do super minor lighting changes so that I can spend more time on getting lots of expressions.
One thing I do with my setup is just change the background from a grey to a white background.
I can pause just for a moment and turn on or off the two lights behind my white muslin background. Off I get a nice neutral grey. The light from the beauty dish is what is lighting the background and my subject.
When I have my background lights on they are giving me one stop more light than I have set on the subject. This gives me a really clean white background.
I love to shoot 50 to 100 images before I change the background.
I encourage people to bring a couple of outfits. It is amazing to me how much wardrobe change impacts the final photo.
Changing from a low-key photo to a high-key photo also can help change the mood of the photo.
My tip is to pick one outfit and shoot a lot. Go for 100 photos without changing lighting. background or clothing. Then just change the background and repeat. After you have done that, then change outfits and shoot again.
Make the emphasis of the portrait/headshot session about getting an expression. Go past the extremes of sadness and joy. Then try and shoot all the nuances of expressions.
Don’t forget to get verticals and horizontal photos.
Most of all remember the thing that makes a great headshot is EXPRESSION!!!
It is much easier to get a pleasant and real expression if you have pushed the limits of expressions first.
I believe there is such a thing as over directing a person during a head shot/portrait session.
I love working with actors because they want to use their skills and rarely get to do that with photographers during a head shot.
Before I get a really intimate and what I would call transparent moment with a subject they have to be really relaxed and comfortable with me.
One of my techniques I use is to ask “actors” to give me as many face expressions as you can in 30 seconds. Those just starting out in acting often will struggle, but for those who love to perform and do a variety of characters this is like a psychogenic ‘trip’. They are Thrill-Seekers whose risk is being perceived as being weird or off.
So “pushing the envelope” or “pushing the limits” means to test the boundaries of what is safe or acceptable in a given situation, by exceeding those boundaries.
Once I have gone with them on this journey of letting them perform and risky expressions, they tend to let me in.
They are able to tap into their emotions and let me see them through their eyes and on their faces.
For me the hardest type of photos to get with people is one where their personality is being projected.
Even the smile photos are more genuine and inviting than had I not gone through asking them to give me all their expressions.
I just spend my time slowly adjusting the heads so that the light works best a that their expressions are captured in the most effective way. That might mean I lower an raise the camera angle to their eyes.
I work hard at getting rid of things like double chins.
The way I like to think of getting a great expression is that you need to have the subject go past the acceptable moment to an extreme.
My role is to create a safe environment where it is OK to try any expression with the goal being that by pushing the limits we are able to be truly transparent. This is when great moments can happen.