This was posted today on Facebook. Pretty much every day somewhere a newbie to the industry or to a new genre of photography/video asks the question, “What can I charge?” Here is that Question on this post:
Client: Environmental NGO based in California
1 day Shoot: portraits, candid shots, etc. outside on the US
Usage: social media, website, other marketing material
Duration: they haven’t specified
- Would you charge a day rate or flat fee?
- How may pictures would you deliver?
- What sort of usage would that include (i.e. non-exclusive, 2-3 years?)
- If day rate, do you charge additional editing day considering is all minor colour correction, etc.?
- What’s the standard rate for NGOs in the US? (I know the rates vary quite a lot for NGO based outside and inside the US ranging from anything btw $360/day to $1,500.)
Here was my response, which I hope may help even more people.
What is an NGO?
The biggest difference with an NGO is the scope of work that most non-profits assume. Many non-profits are affiliated with churches, boys and girls clubs, and alumni associations. An NGO, on the other hand, has broader and internationally driven footprint.
Similarities of non-profit and profit organizations
Both make income, but reinvest all earnings back into the organization to continue operations and to support their causes. Although both have a staff consisting of mostly volunteers, they also hire and pay some higher-level employees within the organizations.
Their utilities are pretty much the same. The staff must be paid a going rate in their location or they will not be able to hire.
Special events costs don’t change because they are a non-profit. The catering is the same cost. The cost savings usually come in volunteers helping.
Don’t be the one vendor giving their work away for less while all the other vendors are being paid their full-price.
Day Rate or Hourly Rate vs Flat Fee or Project Based Pricing
Charging by the hour is one of the worst mistakes a freelancer can make. If you charge by the hour, it will only be natural for you to work less efficiently than if you had priced on a per job basis. And given that you only have a certain number of hours available in the day, you are essentially capping your maximum earning potential.
If on the other hand you price on a per job basis, you are limited only by the speed in which you can complete your work. You will learn to work more productively, and in turn, will earn a higher equivalent hourly rate (and impress clients with your efficient style and quick turnaround).
I suggest Project Pricing with contract
Spelling out what is to be photographed and what the deliverable will be for the client is necessary in this model.
When you are doing the job, it is quite common for clients to say, “Since you are here” or “Can you take a few shots of this for me?” By having contract with the scope of the project outlined you now have a way to handle those requests which makes you more money or keep you from giving away work for free.
“I would love to help you get more photos. Since this is beyond the contract, the extra cost will be $_______.” They may say no, but you offered to do the work and they are not able to take advantage of you.
You can also respond by saying, “The list of shots we have to do on the list will not all get done if we stop and shoot this. What on the list do you want to eliminate for this photo?”
The number of photos delivered
Delivering a few finished photo options for each situation is bare minimum. Some show most of the take and then only deliver a limited number for which the client picks for further finishing edits. Usually in contract a number is given on the number of deliverables, but good to always spell out the price for additional photos from those taken.
If you are new to shooting this type of assignment, have the client tell you what they want. Then over shoot and have them limit the final number.
Always 3 prices in an estimate. Always have three levels of pricing. Low, Medium and High prices that something changes in what the client gets for the price.
Usage is one of the best ways to create three prices. Also, by spelling out the usage and other factors in pricing you are setting up some of the parameters for negotiating with the client before starting the job.
Do not make your lowest price something that you will complain about if they choose to go this direction.
I have found most of the time that the client picks the middle price.
For large corporations or organizations, add a 4th price. This I call the Whoop T Doo. If they go this direction you will benefit and so will they.
Post Processing Fee
Always let clients know you can do more with the photos. For example, fixing skin issues or changing colors of clothing in post-production.
Personally, it is easier for the client to have some pricing idea before asking for the work. Sometimes it is just easier to have examples of before and after with pricing.
Don’t make clients feel like they are being nickel and dimed by you. Make them feel like they are at a spa and upgrading the experience and enjoy spending for the luxurious experience.
What’s the standard rate?
There really are no standard rates in photography.
The costs of living around the country alone make prices fluctuate. It just costs more because everything in that market costs more and they have to make a living.
The prices I am hearing in the Metro Atlanta area go around $600 day to $4,000 or more.
There are always those who are cheaper, but rarely are they in business over many years.
- Know your Cost of Doing Business. I like to know what my monthly expenses average out over time and have a figure I know that I cannot walk out the door to do work or I will be paying them to work for the job.
- Know your hourly rate, but never quote it. Fast food restaurants know how much they must pay an hour to each employee, but their prices on the menu do not show those hourly rates. Neither should you. Use this rate to help you configure your project price.
- Sliding Scale. If a job is for an hour for example the client will pay much more for the most part than the person who hires me for a project that takes a day. So, if I am paying myself $300 an hour for first hour, I may charge the client $1,100 for half-day of my time. Again, this is how I am building my price in my head for the project. They get a $100 discount for more work. I may only charge $1,800 for the day verses 8 X $300 = $2,400 for the day. Again, give me more work you get a discount.
- Usage & Risk. If the client is going to use this in a major multiyear ad campaign, then most likely your photos are going to help make them a great deal if successful. You want to get paid more. If this is something like a wedding where you have no do overs, the risk means you should be paid more. High risk jobs require more redundancy and preplanning to avoid unnecessary risks.
- Always provide 3 prices. Give clients the ability to add fries to their order. This is how you can grow your business.