African Time

Photo above: Mother and her little boy carried in kaitenge. They are staying here at the Hôpital Baptiste Biblique in Tsiko, Togo, West Africa.

African Time is when one says they will arrive at a certain time, but arrive much later.

It should be noted that almost every African (on both the leaving and receiving end) does this. So, if one does actually arrive on “American time,” don’t be surprised if a party is still getting set up, a person is still getting ready, etc etc.

Most all my frustrations with Africa were from my not allowing for myself to adjust to the way we do things in Africa or as the old saying goes, “When in Rome do as the Romans do.”

How this impacts Humanitarian Storytelling
Friends enjoying each other during church service at Eglise Baptiste Biblique in Adeta, Togo, West Africa.

In the United States if you plan a project you email, text and call people and plan. You put together a schedule so that when you arrive you can make the most of your time.

On all my trips to Africa [Burkina Faso, Ghana & Togo] the team I worked with had done everything to work with Americans who lived there to plan our itinerary. This last trip reminded me of African Time. Had I been fully aware I would have planned to take two weeks to accomplish what I normally can accomplish in one week in the states.

Now Africa isn’t the only place like this, but for Americans who are punctual and like to have a packed and productive schedule you might find yourself like me, with little hair left.

I saw a group of men by the side of the road in Togo, West Africa, pumping up bike tires, motorcycle tires and vehicle tires.

Most likely the host in Africa that you will work with are more than willing to help you and will start when you arrive.

I planned trips for a few months with a writer when we went to Burkina Faso.

Jay Shafto field strategy coordinator for area is in the missionary housing talking through the plans for the next few days with writer Shawn Hendricks.

This is a photo from that meeting where the writer went over again the plans. This is when they said what was possible the next day. Now looking back I should have noted that this is the common way and not the exception for storytelling coverage by media specialist when they come from another country to Africa.

I arrived in Lome, Togo on Friday night. They don’t drive in the country on the roads at night because it is just too dangerous. You can hit an animal and then getting help wouldn’t be until daylight.

Lucia Guest House in Lome, Togo, West Africa

I stayed at hotel in Lome with the plans that we had worked on to leave the next morning to drive and arrive to meet with a team that afternoon to plan.

Well I found out at the airport the night before that they had to wait and pick up more people later that afternoon. No communication to me or the rest of the team that this was happening.

On the right is Kofi Gaglo the driver and head of guest housing for Hôpital Baptiste Biblique in Tsiko, Togo, West Africa

In Africa this is “normal” behavior, where in the USA we would check with the guests before making plans for them without involving them in the process.

It took us 4 days to locate Faro Faro Agouda, one of our subjects, for the story. I didn’t know until he arrived that he had driven almost 4 hours to make it for our video interview.

The area of Africa that I went to there are over 43 different languages. This impacted everything you do. While you think you are clear and the person you are talking to might understand, by the time your thoughts are translated through who knows how many different languages the message can become quite different to the intended audience.

Child is fascinated by my camera and watched me as I was working at the Hôpital Baptiste Biblique in Tsiko, Togo, West Africa.

In the movie The Wizard of Oz, in which Dorothy, upon arriving to Oz, says, “Toto, I’ve a feeling were not in Kansas anymore.” Is how one often feels when they forget there is a cultural difference to working in another country.


You can still make plans before going to Africa. They will tell you a good time to come and can tell you most of the time if the people you need for the project will be in country. As always in life you still need to be flexible for those things outside your host’s control. Accidents can happen and even family crisis that take people away.

You can still communicate your plans for the project and get as much as possible agreement before you go.

I would suggest to make most of your time to get the people to agree to a schedule before buying your airfare and booking your hotels. You see you can find out this way if they can tell you everyone is OK with the schedule.

Constructing hotel like rooms for patients families at Hôpital Baptiste Biblique, Tsiko, Togo, West Africa
Boots on the Ground

When you arrive you need to have planned your first meeting to basically go over in person everything that you have been planning.

From my personal experience everything you are used to doing in the States will take twice as long or longer to do in Africa. This is the culture and you must learn to work with it and not fight it.

Surgeons doing a bone graft of lower part of leg for a little boy to hopefully help him keep his leg at the Hôpital Baptiste Biblique located in Tsiko, Togo, West Africa.
Bottom Line

With Humanitarian work you are often in a different country and working with a different culture. You must learn to be flexible and able to go with the flow.

You still must get the storyline no matter where you are to tell a story. Continue to be persistent and ask for what you need. Just give them time to respond.