Report: 6 of 10 Millennials Have ‘Low’ Technology Skills
By Dian Schaffhauser
Digital natives aren’t as tech-savvy as they think they are — at least, not according to their bosses. American millennials (those between the ages of 16 and 34) may be the first generation that grew up with computers and Internet access, but all that time spent glued to a small screen hasn’t translated to technology competence. While they spend an average of 35 hours every week on digital media, nearly six out of 10 millennials can’t do basic tasks such as sorting, searching for and emailing data from a spreadsheet. […READ MORE]
I am finding that 60% number is pretty accurate in my teaching of millennials.
Mobile Consumption vs. Laptop Production
Consuming content is better on a mobile device than on a laptop. Our mobile devices are always with us, always ready to go. With our mobile devices we can lean back, walk around, and use on the go.
Our laptops, conversely, are much better for producing than they are for consuming.
The problem is that so many know how to consume the technology, but when it comes to producing it you need to know a LOT MORE.
This morning I got an email from one of my students saying, “I am having trouble uploading my photos because it says that I don’t have enough storage on my computer.”
Every time I teach photography I always start with some computer basics that will become problems if they are not taken care of immediately.
First of all your photos are going to be at least a thousands times bigger in file size than most of your documents.
My first recommendation is to put all photos and videos on external hard drives like the ones pictured above.
Hard Drives work like filing cabinets. You need to think of a file structure for organizing, because it doesn’t take long for this to get cumbersome.
Rename your Hard Drives. You can do use anything you like, but even just something like “Stanley_2018” will work.
I have two folders for all my photos. “NAME OF PROJECT RAW” and “NAME OF PROJECT JPEGs”. All the photos I ingest which are shot as RAW are ingested into the RAW folder and after I work on them in Lightroom I export those to the JPEGs folder.
So move all your photos and videos off your hard drive.
Empty Trash–This means on your computer and in programs like your email.
Download Folder–Delete all your downloads. It’s time to kick some of these files to the curb. You should be transferring all your downloads to the proper folders where you need them later. If you’re on a Mac, you’ll find your Download folder next to the Trash Bin in the Dock. If you’re on a PC, you can find it by navigating to c://users/username/appdata/local/temp. Sift through the files in there and toss the ones you no longer need into the trash. If you’re a frequent Internet user, you’ll be surprised at not only how many files are in there, but also by how much space you free up.
Audit Your Entire Computer–You need to see what directories are taking up the most space on the drive, and drill down into those folders to even discover the individual files that are the culprits. There are some apps to help you do just that, but since I am not using any at the moment I just recommend you Google that for your PC or Mac.
By the way I love that the Grady College of Journalism & Mass Communication is preparing their students to produce digital content. One of the last classes the students must take to graduate is a Capstone class where they put all the mediums together to tell stories.
I like this last paragraph from the story:
“Opportunities to learn problem solving with technology must become the rule rather than the exception,” the report’s authors stated. “Now is the time for business to join forces with government, educators and other STEM advocates to ensure that all young people…have the opportunity to become tech savvy.”
I find a lot of similarities between the game of golf and photography. We talk about golf being the game of inches and so too we say the same in photography.
If you just move the frame ever so slightly it would be a much better photo.
Before a golfer takes a shot they examine the lie of the ball. They look at the distance to the pin. They see if they need a couple shots to reach the pin. When putting they try and read the putt before they take a swing.
The problem I am seeing with most beginning photographers is they were playing golf is they would just walk up to the ball and just hit it. They don’t look at what they want to accomplish. They don’t decide which is the best club from their bag to hit the ball with and then make a decision on how they will swing to hit the ball.
Now at the best golf courses and for pro players they had caddies.
In golf, a caddie (or caddy) is the person who carries a player’s bag and clubs, and gives insightful advice and moral support. A good caddie is aware of the challenges and obstacles of the golf course being played, along with the best strategy in playing it. This includes knowing overall yardage, pin placements and club selection.
At the very top of their game you see pros not swinging a club before they have paused and considered everything possible and then select the club and then even will do some practice swings.
Here is a tip for every photographer. Before you click the shutter take a moment and decide each of these and why you picked them before you take a photo.
Under exposed, normal exposure or over exposed
Do I need to change the light in some way [reflector, flash, etc]
If you were to talk about why you took a photo, could you tell us also why you chose different settings on your camera to capture the moment?
It all boils down to why am I taking this photo? What am I doing with the camera to be sure that I have captured it the best possible way to achieve my goal.
When photographers go to a new football stadium they are concerned about a few things. Here are some of those comparisons between the older Georgia Dome and the new Mercedes Benz Stadium in Atlanta, Georgia.
The light is first of all much more even from one end of the field to the next. Unless you put lights in the end zone pointed straight at the field it is impossible to make it as even as the middle of the field where some of the lights are in front of the action.
The color temperature in the Mercedes Benz is about 5400k with +8 magenta using Adobe Lightroom. Very close to daylight. In the Georgia Dome the temperature was 4650K with +33 magenta making it closer to Fluorescent.
The other big difference is there was more of a flicker in the Georgia Dome with the lights. I didn’t detect any flicker in the Mercedes Benz Stadium.
The complaints for those working the games in the new stadium are due to the size of the place. Under the stadium behind each bench are restaurants about the size of a football field and then outside of that is the tunnel to walk around with the locker rooms outside that area.
The press box is no longer center field. It is in the corner. The photographer work room is on the outside wall of the field level tunnel.
You walk about double the distance to get to the field from the work rooms than you did in the older Georgia Dome.
I am noticing photographers are in better shape now days as well as the writers who decide to come down from the press box to the field.
One of the biggest mistakes new photographers make that are trying to do photography as a profession is not investing soon enough in a light kit that lets them take photos with the light source off of their camera.
The super simple kit I have above is so inexpensive to take off-camera flash photos.
Here is what I recommend for just about everyone and they make this kit for Nikon, Canon, Sony, and Fuji. There are many other solutions like this, but just invest in an off camera light source.
$225.00 – Godox VING V860II TTL Li-Ion Flash with X1T TTL Trigger Kit
$57.15 – Manfrotto 5001B Nano Black Light Stand – 6.2′
$17.90 – Godox S-Type Speedlite Bracket for Bowens
$20.50 – Westcott Optical White Satin Diffusion Umbrella (45″)
This alone will make your photos stand out. This photo below is without a flash.
Now just look at everything the same but an off-camera flash can do at 45º from the camera.
The only difference between the photos for the most part is the off-camera flash.
Which one of the photos will people pay you to take more often than the other? The one with the flash, because they can get the other photo with their camera on their phone.
Matthew 18:3 ESV And said, “Truly, I say to you, unless you turn and become like children, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven.”
Little children have a special humbleness and are easily taught. Most adults are not this way. A little child is enthusiastic and eager to learn, and has a love that is forgiving. He has simple trust.
My mentor Don Rutledge says, “Photography … forces us to see, to look beyond what the average person observes, to search where some people never think to look. It even draws us back to the curiosity we experienced in our childhood.
“Children are filled with excitement about their surrounding world: Why is the sky blue? Why is one flower red and another yellow? How do the stars stay up in the sky? Why is the snow cold?
“As the years go by that curious child matures into a normal adult with the attitude of ‘who cares anymore about those childish questions and answers?’ The ‘seeing beyond what the average person sees’ fills us constantly with excitement and allows us to keep the dreams of our youth.”
I am just a child who has never grown up. I still keep asking these ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions. Occasionally, I find an answer. — Stephen Hawking
“When you stop learning, stop listening, stop looking and asking questions, always new questions, then it is time to die.” — Lillian Smith
This is my uncle Knolan Benfield who was the first to give me a camera and teach me photography.
Knolan talked with me over his counter in his studio in Hickory, North Carolina in 1979 about how to use this range finder camera he gave me. It took 35mm film and didn’t have a meter.
No meter meant you had no way to measure the light and see what was a perfect exposure. He gave me a roll of film and then pulled out the sheet of paper that came with the film.
I learned about the Sunny ƒ/16 rule. This is where in direct sunlight the Aperture is ƒ/16 and the shutter-speed is equivalent to the ISO. So if you had ISO 64 then your shutter speed would be the closest to that and for my camera that was 1/60. Using the chart that came with the film I learned how to properly expose for Sunlight, Cloudy day, Shade and backlit photos as well.
This is how I took photos when I first started. I dropped that camera while ice-skating and that is when my dad bought me my first DSLR Pentax K1000 camera. I could change lenses and it had a build in meter.
Now in the days of film you just bought film that would work either indoors or outdoors. You didn’t change your ISO from frame to frame as you can today with digital.
I remember Knolan taking time to explain how Aperture and Shutter-speed worked.
One of the most important things he taught me was how the Kodak Brownie box camera worked and how my camera was different.
The original Brownie camera had one aperture of ƒ/11 and one shutter speed of 1/35-1/50 seconds.
Knolan pointed out that by only using the sunny ƒ/16 rule outside meant I could have saved a lot of money and just bought the Kodak Brownie camera rather than the Pentax K1000.
Besides controlling the exposure Aperture and Shutter-Speed give you creativity.
Today I am channeling all those comments that Knolan taught me. If you only shoot at one aperture all the time you are missing out on so much creativity that your camera can do.
Assignment to do
Depth of Field & Lens Selection
4 images with the same composition, altering the aperture and focal length
1. Widest focal length, widest aperture (~ f/3.5)
2. Widest focal length, aperture between f/11-f/22
3. Longest focal length, widest aperture (~ f/4.5-5.6)
4. Longest focal length, aperture between f/11-f/22
First days of school are happening this month all over our country. In our family we always took a photo of the kids on their first day. We were all excited each and every year for that first.
Watching your child grow in stature through the years was just one way of seeing positive changes happening for them and for you.
When Nelson, our oldest, graduated from high school he was now in charge of that next school choice and what he would take. Up through high school most all of us have less choices as to what we will take. We have some say in which science course or english course we would take, but we still had few options as compared to the next step–college.
When it comes to first days at college the experience varies a great deal we came to learn when our oldest Nelson decided to enroll at The Citadel. To this day my wife helps other parents each year with helping them navigate military college life and how best to support their student without being a helicopter parent.
When the youngest, Chelle, went to college the experience was so different.
Both of them embraced college and all that entails. They did a great job picking majors that suited each of them just perfect.
There are many others who choose alternative education like YWAM’s University of Nations in Kona, Hawaii. These students take one course at a time for 3 to 6 months. This is a group photo of the class I taught this past February.
Most colleges and universities have some sort of “general education” requirement forcing students to take at least a couple of math and science courses, but many non-science majors will take the barest minimum, and work very hard to put those off as long as possible. Disgruntled spring-term seniors who don’t want to be in the course but can’t graduate without it are a regular and unpleasant feature of a “Gen Ed” courses.
I had one course requirement for statistics that really frustrated me to no end. I took the class three times. My first time taking it the professor’s english was extremely difficult to understand. While later when I took it again I realized this wasn’t the only reason I was struggling with that course.
“Any fool can know. The point is to understand.”
― Albert Einstein
I then took the class again at Brookdale Community College while home from East Carolina University during the summer. I still struggled. I finally passed the course during summer school at East Carolina. My motivation that last time was I needed it to graduate.
In college everyone is looking to take an easy or fun class that counts toward their degree. Often these classes student’s interest in the subject is better than say their interest in a “required” class, but from my experience this is not all that much better than say where their passion lies.
As an adjunct professor through the years at different colleges I felt like this mom with the child on the back. I was carrying these students way too much. There was little self motivation on their part.
A few years ago I just stopped teaching at a college in their communications program. I had taught there for many years, but the problem was quite simple–the students didn’t really care to master the subject.
However I continued to teach photography workshops. There was a big difference between the two classes. The workshops every student I had really wanted to learn the material.
I never had a student break down in the “college” courses in tears because they wanted to understand something so bad and were upset they were not comprehending the content. My first time teaching at University of Nations in Hawaii I fell in love with teaching once again. I cannot thank Dennis Fahringer enough for inviting me to teach Lighting and Business Practices.
Everyone really seems to be excited when I teach the studio lighting, but are not as thrilled with the business practices. Through the years I have been able to help more of those students jump start their professional careers as photographers. It had less to do with the lighting and more about the business practices.
“Tell me and I forget, teach me and I may remember, involve me and I learn.”
― Benjamin Franklin
Now more than 12 years later I hear that the reputation of the class teaching business practices has many eager to learn this topic. Still many in the class are not as enthusiastic about it as I wish they would be about it.
The best students are the ones who are what I call “knowledge‐seeking”. These are those that are emotionally engaged to do expert work.
This photo of the two young ladies are so excited to learn that they are sharing with each other during their shooting in Nicaragua workshop I did the summer of 2016.
Since 2008 I have been going to The Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication at the University of Georgia in Athens, Georgia to guest lecture on business practices for Mark Johnson. These were so different from the students I had taught at other colleges.
When Mark called me up last fall asking if I would teach this coming year 2 sections of Intro to Photojournalism I said yes. Since saying yes I dug deeper into the program.
I asked if the students taking the class are always engaged in the content. You see that was what turned me off before. An instructor can only do so much to get a student excited. The student must make an effort as well or there is no success.
Mark told me how there are two classes that they need Intro to Photojournalism to take later before they graduate. In those later courses they must do photojournalism with videography, writing, layout and design as well as posting projects in social media and blogs. If they don’t come out of the Intro class knowing photojournalism well enough to do it professionally then they will not be able to do those classes well at all.
Some of the students I have taught live all over the world and are quite successful today. This is Kongs who has a successful photography business in Nigeria, West Africa. He was so excited to take photography classes and continues to keep in touch letting me know all he is doing.
Tom Kilpatrick is a great example of you are never too old to learn. Tom has trained thousands of college students as helping young photographers when he was a newspaper photographer. He taught a few of my closest friends who went on to National Geographic.
Going from film to digital was very difficult for Tom. He told me a few times he almost gave up photography because of how difficult the new technology was for him to understand.
After he finally had made the switch he decided to go on the Storytellers Abroad Workshop at the age of 72 to learn how to do video editing and storytelling in this new medium.
How we value the future affects our desire to learn.
Ever since Dennis Fahringer asked me to teach I have been working with students who had a passion for using photography as a profession. Very few have ever been gifted and just got the content easily. Most have a moment where you can see on their faces a real struggle with the content.
There is a real difference between these students who come up against a wall that they push through. When I pushed to past statistics I wasn’t really interested in ever using it again. These students are pushing through all the struggles of mastering the content because they want to use photography in the future.
“It is not that I’m so smart. But I stay with the questions much longer.”
― Albert Einstein
I have autism and I think Aspergers Syndrome best described my situation. One of the traits is obsession with specific, often unusual, topics for those with autism. Now when I was young it was all about G.I. Joe. Thankfully I grew out of that obsession.
I would over the years find different topics from playing trumpet, chess, toy models and today photography.
I was blessed with Autism. This is what helped me push through difficulties, because my wiring wouldn’t let it go.
This new school year try your best in all your classes to learn the content. You may not see it at the moment but this will help in live a better tomorrow.
But it’s gonna take money
A whole lot of spending money
It’s gonna take plenty of money
To do it right, child
It’s gonna take time
A whole lot of precious time
It’s gonna take patience and time, um
To do it, to do it, to do it, to do it, to do it
To do it right, child
– George Harrison
Airborne can be placed behind enemy lines, and have the capability to deploy almost anywhere with little warning. The formations are limited only by the number and size of their aircraft, so given enough capacity a huge force can appear “out of nowhere” in minutes.
The ability to work with jackrabbit speed is typically recognized and rewarded in business. Simply put, companies like employees who can cruise through their to-do lists at Mach3 with their hair on fire. Because, after all, time is money.
But time is not money if that efficiency is not matched with effectiveness.
When telling a person’s story you must take time to get to know the person and time to explore their story so that you can tell “their” story. You see if you move too fast you are often doing so based on assumptions.
Parachute journalism is the practice of thrusting journalists into an area to report on a story in which the reporter has little knowledge or experience. The lack of knowledge and tight deadlines often result in inaccurate or distorted news reports, especially during breaking news.
The other term similar to parachute journalism is yellow journalism.
Yellow journalism and the yellow press are American terms for journalism and associated newspapers that present little or no legitimate well-researched news while instead using eye-catching headlines for increased sales. Techniques may include exaggerations of news events, scandal-mongering, or sensationalism. By extension, the term yellow journalism is used today as a pejorative to decry any journalism that treats news in an unprofessional or unethical fashion.
There is a difference between the two, but both are rooted in one common problem–not putting in the time necessary to do justice to a story.
Here are some of the key ingredients to great journalism
Journalistic Truth – is a process that begins with the professional discipline of assembling and verifying facts.
Your community – while most journalism is underwritten by advertisers they are not the audience. You must be serving the citizens in your community. When you do a great job of putting them first your credibility is increased.
Journalistic methods for verification – unlike social media where people “trust” their friends thoughts over and their own gut, journalists cannot use these methods. They must used the skills of the profession where the consistent method of testing information – a transparent approach to evidence – precisely so that personal and cultural biases would not undermine the accuracy of the work. The method is objective, not the journalist.
Journalistic independence – you must work very hard to not be drawn into a crowd, organization, to a person of power or anything that can compromise your ability to be unbiased in your journalism. This also includes be careful that your newsroom doesn’t create it’s own elitist group of its own.
Watchdog – informs the public about goings-on in institutions and society, especially in circumstances where a significant portion of the public would demand changes in response. – wikipedia
Fact-checking statements of public officials. Interviewing public figures and challenging them with problems or concerns. Beat reporting to gather information from meetings that members of the public might not otherwise attend, and to observe “on the ground” in broader society Investigative journalism, which involves information-gathering on a single story for a long period of time
There are even more elements to good journalism than these listed here. The point I want to make it getting the story correct requires being thoughtful and taking the time to get it right.
What is sad today is that people trust their friends over journalistic institutions which helped create the atmosphere for “Fake News” created by Russia to actually impact the United States culture.
There have been journalists who have desecrated the profession, just like many priests have done in the church lately. Sadly much of the public believe that these ‘bad apples’ are criminal beyond rehabilitation.
Sadly many journalists today are fighting battles that they didn’t create. Just remember to be diligent in telling a story that is truthful. It just may time some time to do it right.
What a thrill it was to get the chance to go up in helicopter and see the lava flowing at the Kīlauea Volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii. Dorie and Chelle gave me this present for father’s day.
While I had been in helicopters many times clients paid for the experience. This time it was out of our pockets. I had wanted to do this for years.
I have been coming the The Big Island of Hawaii at the invitation of my good friend Dennis Fahringer. I have been teaching photography to his School of Photography students with the University of Nations which is part of Youth with a Missions.
Now for 12 years I have been coming driving to the Volcano hoping for good photos. I have made some pretty good photos through the years. Here is one from February this year before they closed the Volcano National park due to the recent activity.
Really the best way to see the volcano is from the air.
This is an untouched photo right out of the camera. Just converted from Nikon NEF to a JPEG.
By shooting RAW you can then work with the photo in Lightroom just like we did in the film days in the Darkroom.
The number one tool that helps you when shooting from a helicopter is the Dehaze Slider.
There is a lot of haze created by the atmosphere and over the volcano with VOG you need to use this tool or the haze just clouds the photos literally.
Just compare this photo of Rainbow falls that I processed to the unprocessed photo.
Now here are two short videos I shot while up as well. I processed these in Final Cut Pro X and also corrected the footage for better contrast and color.
Your old photos can look even better today due to the advances in technology. I went back to this photo of my daughter’s first day of school ten years ago to re-edit the photo in the latest version of Adobe Lightroom.
Now you may like the earlier edit, but there are more possibilities with a few changes in Lightroom. First of all they did a major overhaul of the main engine in the software and then adding new tools like Dehaze.
Today you can pick a color profile and use Dehaze that were not options in 2010.
Another control that was implemented since 2010 was Lens Correction improving all lenses by correcting for their imperfections.
Back in 2010 I didn’t even try to edit this photo. With the dehaze control I was able to bring down the background much easier than doing this in 2010 would have required.
Shoot RAW – you have more information to work with before exporting a JPEG in Lightroom Folder for RAW and separate folder for JPEG – I ingest and put all my RAW files into a folder and then when I finish editing and export I put those in a separate folder JPEG Archive all photos – Keep the RAW images and your JPEG images. You can later return to these photos and discover some gems due to the software improvements in the future.