Turn your aperture dial to help direct the audience

Nikon D5, Sigma 35mm ƒ/1.4 DG Art, ISO 100, ƒ/1.4, 1/800

A shallow depth-of-field like ƒ/1.4 that I used here is a great way to force the audience to look where you want them to see.

Nikon D5, Sigma 24-105mm f/4 DG OS HSM Art Lens, ISO 14400, ƒ/11, 1/100

Now using a deep depth-of-field like ƒ/11 as I did here really helps keep the eye moving all through the frame.

Nikon D5, Sigma 35mm ƒ/1.4 DG Art, ISO 100, ƒ/1.4, 1/500

Don’t fall in love with an ƒ-stop. Use what helps you for that moment. The danger of always shooting ƒ/1.4 for example is that you really are not giving context to your subject.

Nikon D5, Sigma 24-105mm f/4 DG OS HSM Art Lens, ISO 4500, ƒ/4, 1/100

Here I used ƒ/4 which was just enough depth-of-field to show the lady’s kitchen and her cooking.

Nikon D5, Sigma 24-105mm f/4 DG OS HSM Art Lens, ISO 4500, ƒ/4, 1/100

The point here is that you just don’t turn the ƒ-stop/aperture from one end to the other. Use just enough to help you show that which you need the viewer to see. Again the ƒ/4 was adequate enough while shooting with the 24mm to capture the rest of the kitchen.